Pharmacists in general practice: a qualitative process evaluation of the General Practice Pharmacist (GPP) study.
journal contributionposted on 18.09.2020 by Oscar James, Karen Cardwell, Frank Moriarty, Susan M Smith, Barbara Clyne
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BACKGROUND:There is some evidence to suggest that pharmacists integrated into primary care improves patient outcomes and prescribing quality. Despite this growing evidence, there is a lack of detail about the context of the role.
OBJECTIVE:To explore the implementation of The General Practice Pharmacist (GPP) intervention (pharmacists integrating into general practice within a non-randomized pilot study in Ireland), the experiences of study participants and lessons for future implementation.
DESIGN AND SETTING:Process evaluation with a descriptive qualitative approach conducted in four purposively selected GP practices.
METHODS:A process evaluation with a descriptive qualitative approach was conducted in four purposively selected GP practices. Semi-structured interviews were conducted, transcribed verbatim and analysed using a thematic analysis.
RESULTS:Twenty-three participants (three pharmacists, four GPs, four patients, four practice nurses, four practice managers and four practice administrators) were interviewed. Themes reported include day-to-day practicalities (incorporating location and space, systems and procedures and pharmacists' tasks), relationships and communication (incorporating GP/pharmacist mode of communication, mutual trust and respect, relationship with other practice staff and with patients) and role perception (incorporating shared goals, professional rewards, scope of practice and logistics).
CONCLUSIONS:Pharmacists working within the general practice team have potential to improve prescribing quality. This process evaluation found that a pharmacist joining the general practice team was well accepted by the GP and practice staff and effective interprofessional relationships were described. Patients were less clear of the overall benefits. Important barriers (such as funding, infrastructure and workload) and facilitators (such as teamwork and integration) to the intervention were identified which will be incorporated into a pilot cluster randomized controlled trial.
This study was funded by the Health Research Board (HRB) Research Collaborative for Patient Safety (RCQPS) award. The sponsors of the study had no role in the study design, data collection, data analysis, data interpretation, writing of the report, or in the decision to submit the paper.
CommentsThis article is available at https://academic.oup.com/
Published CitationJames O, Cardwell K, Moriarty F, Smith SM, Clyne B. Pharmacists in general practice: a qualitative process evaluation of the General Practice Pharmacist (GPP) study. Family Practice. 2020; May 7 [epub ahead of print] doi: 10.1093/fampra/cmaa044
Publication Date7 May 2020
- General Practice
- Population Health and Health Services
PublisherOxford University Press (OUP)
- Accepted Version (Postprint)