Physiological levels of lipoxin A4 inhibit ENaC and restore airway surface liquid height in cystic fibrosis bronchial epithelium.
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In cystic fibrosis (CF), the airway surface liquid (ASL) is depleted. We previously demonstrated that lipoxin A4 (LXA4) can modulate ASL height (ASLh) through actions on Cl(-) transport. Here, we report novel effects of lipoxin on the epithelial Na(+) channel ENaC in this response. ASL dynamics and ion transport were studied using live-cell confocal microscopy and short-circuit current measurements in CF (CuFi-1) and non-CF (NuLi-1) cell cultures. Low physiological concentrations of LXA4 in the picomolar range produced an increase in ASLh which was dependent on inhibition of an amiloride-sensitive Na(+) current and stimulation of a bumetanide-sensitive Cl(-) current. These ion transport and ASLh responses to LXA4 were blocked by Boc-2 an inhibitor of the specific LXA4 receptor ALX/FPR2. LXA4 affected the subcellular localization of its receptor and enhanced the localization of ALX/FPR2 at the apical membrane of CF cells. Our results provide evidence for a novel effect of low physiological concentrations of LXA4 to inhibit airway epithelial Na(+) absorption that results in an ASL height increase in CF airway epithelia.