A comparison of culture methods and polymerase chain reaction in detecting Clostridioides difficile from hospital surfaces
Introduction. Environmental surveillance for Clostridioides difficile is challenging. There are no internationally agreed recommendations on which method should be used when environmental surveillance is undertaken.
Aim. To compare the detection of C. difficile by RT-PCR to culture-based methods and to determine which is more sensitive and specific in the clinical environment.
Methods. Forty-four near-patient areas of C. difficile-positive patients were sampled using contact plates and moistened flocked swabs.
Results. Detection using moistened flocked swabs followed by RT-PCR or culture detected more C. difficile than contact plates. The sensitivity and specificity of a RT-PCR assay for tcdB compared to the culture methods was 76 and 91 %, respectively.
Conclusion. Despite the lower sensitivity and specificity, RT-PCR could potentially offer a more rapid and practical alternative.
Astellas Europe, grant number GR 16 1314
CommentsThe original article is available at https://www.microbiologyresearch.org/
Published CitationGrainger RJ, Kearney A, Humphreys H, Stevens NT. A comparison of culture methods and polymerase chain reaction in detecting Clostridioides difficile from hospital surfaces. J Med Microbiol. 2023;72(1)
Publication Date9 January 2023
- Clinical Microbiology
- Beaumont Hospital
- Published Version (Version of Record)