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A qualitative study of older adults' experiences of embedding physical activity within their home care services in Ireland

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posted on 01.06.2022, 14:29 authored by Elissa Burton, Frances HorganFrances Horgan, Vanda Cummins, Austin Warters, Lauren Swan, Maria O'Sullivan, Dawn A Skelton, Bex Townley, Frank DoyleFrank Doyle, Samira B Jabakhanji, Jan SorensenJan Sorensen, Debbie Rooney, Lisa Murphy, Rose Galvin

Purpose: Physical activity has been shown to improve older adults' functional capacity, independence, and quality of life. In a feasibility study, we embedded a movement approach within older adults existing home care services through "Care to Move" (CTM). The aim of this qualitative study is to explore older adults' experiences of CTM within their home care support services and to identify the strengths and barriers of engaging in CTM from the perspective of the older recipient.

Materials and methods: We conducted semi-structured telephone interviews with 13 older adults and one informal carer. Topics covered included participants' overall experiences of CTM, changes to their overall activity and participation, aspects of CTM that they found valuable and issues that were challenging. Interview transcripts were coded and analyzed thematically to capture barriers and facilitators to the approach delivery.

Results: Four themes were developed: i) "I have good days and bad days", ii) "safety and security is the name of the game", iii) "we're a team as it stands', iv) "it's [COVID-19] depressing for everybody at the moment". Older adults identified benefits of CTM engagement including improvements in physical and psychological wellbeing. However, subjective frailty and self-reported multimorbidity influenced overall engagement. Participants expressed concerns around the logistics of delivering CTM and competing care staff interests. The broader role of care staff in supporting CTM was highlighted, as well as the emotional support that staff provided to older adults. Care staff continuity was identified as a barrier to ongoing engagement. The impact of COVID-19 on older adults physical and mental health negatively impacted the delivery of the approach.

Conclusion: Our findings suggest that embedding CTM within home care services is feasible and that older adults enjoyed engaging in CTM. Addressing care staff continuity and adopting individual approaches to CTM delivery may enhance the implementation of services.

Funding

APA-2017-013 Health Research Board of Ireland Applied Partnership Award

History

Comments

The original article is available at https://www.dovepress.com/

Published Citation

Burton E, et al. A qualitative study of older adults' experiences of embedding physical activity within their home care services in Ireland. J Multidiscip Healthc. 2022;15:1163-1173.

Publication Date

19 May 2022

PubMed ID

35615293

Department/Unit

  • School of Physiotherapy
  • Health Outcomes Research Centre
  • Health Psychology

Publisher

Dove Press Ltd

Version

  • Published Version (Version of Record)