Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Advancements and progress in juvenile idiopathic arthritis. a Review of pathophysiology and treatment.pdf (1.11 MB)

Advancements and progress in juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a review of pathophysiology and treatment

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-05-01, 15:47 authored by Helen Ye Rim Huang, Andrew Awuah Wireko, Goshen David Miteu, Adan Khan, Sakshi Roy, Tomas Ferreira, Tulika Garg, Narjiss Aji, Faaraea Haroon, Farida Zakariya, Yasir Alshareefy, Anushka Gurunath Pujari, Djabir Madani, Marios Papadakis

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic clinical condition characterized by arthritic features in children under the age of 16, with at least 6 weeks of active symptoms. The etiology of JIA remains unknown, and it is associated with prolonged synovial inflammation and structural joint damage influenced by environmental and genetic factors. This review aims to enhance the understanding of JIA by comprehensively analyzing relevant literature. The focus lies on current diagnostic and therapeutic approaches and investigations into the pathoaetiologies using diverse research modalities, including in vivo animal models and large-scale genome-wide studies. We aim to elucidate the multifactorial nature of JIA with a strong focus towards genetic predilection, while proposing potential strategies to improve therapeutic outcomes and enhance diagnostic risk stratification in light of recent advancements. This review underscores the need for further research due to the idiopathic nature of JIA, its heterogeneous phenotype, and the challenges associated with biomarkers and diagnostic criteria. Ultimately, this contribution seeks to advance the knowledge and promote effective management strategies in JIA. 



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Published Citation

Huang HYR. et al. Advancements and progress in juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a review of pathophysiology and treatment. Medicine (Baltimore). 2024;103(13):e37567.

Publication Date

29 March 2024

PubMed ID



  • Undergraduate Research


Lippincott Williams & Wilkins


  • Published Version (Version of Record)