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Cardioprotective effect of antiviral therapy among hepatitis C infected patients: a meta-analysis

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posted on 2023-10-06, 16:04 authored by Vikash Jaiswal, Song Peng Ang, Muhammad Hanif, Mayank Jha, Vikash Kumar, Abdelmonem Siddiq, Bhavyakumar Vachhani, Anupam Halder, Michelle Koifman, Herby Jeanty, Siddharath Soni, Madeeha Subhan Waleed, Tushar Kumar, Helen Huang, Dhrubajyoti Bandyopadhyay

Background: Hepatitis C (HCV) infections have been shown to be associated a with higher risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the use of antiviral therapy (AVT) and the risk of CVD has not been well established with limited literature.

Objective: We sought to evaluate the association between AVT use post-HCV infection and cardiovascular outcomes.

Methods: We performed a systematic literature search using PubMed, Embase, and Scopus for relevant articles from inception until 10th March 2023. Primary clinical outcomes were the incidence of any CVD. Secondary endpoints were all-cause of mortality, stroke, myocardial infarction, and peripheral artery disease.

Results: A total of 394,452 patients were included in the analysis (111,076 in the AVT group and 283,376 patients in the NAVT group). The mean age of patients among AVT and NAVT groups was comparable (58.7 vs 58.18). The pooled analysis of primary outcomes showed that AVT was associated with a significantly reduced risk of any CVD (HR, 0.55(95%CI: 0.41-0.75), P < 0.001) compared with the NAVT group of patients. Secondary outcomes including ACM (HR, 0.38(95%CI: 0.32-0.46), P < 0.001), MI (HR, 0.62(95%CI: 0.41-0.94), P = 0.02), and PAD (HR, 0.62(95%CI: 0.41-0.93), P = 0.02) were significantly lower among AVT groups compared with NAVT groups of patients with HCV infection. However, the risk of stroke was comparable between both groups of patients (HR, 0.79(95%CI: 0.58-1.07), P = 0.13).

Conclusion: Our analysis shows HCV-infected patients post-AVT have a significantly lower risk of any CVD, MI, ACM, and PAD compared with NAVT groups of patients.

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The original article is available at https://www.sciencedirect.com/

Published Citation

Jaiswal V. et al. Cardioprotective effect of antiviral therapy among hepatitis C infected patients: a meta-analysis. Int J Cardiol Heart Vasc. 2023;49:101270.

Publication Date

22 September 2023

PubMed ID

37766883

Department/Unit

  • Undergraduate Research

Publisher

Elsevier Ireland Ltd.,

Version

  • Published Version (Version of Record)

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