Cardiovascular functions of Ena/VASP proteins: past, present and beyond
Actin binding proteins are of crucial importance for the spatiotemporal regulation of actin cytoskeletal dynamics, thereby mediating a tremendous range of cellular processes. Since their initial discovery more than 30 years ago, the enabled/vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (Ena/VASP) family has evolved as one of the most fascinating and versatile family of actin regulating proteins. The proteins directly enhance actin filament assembly, but they also organize higher order actin networks and link kinase signaling pathways to actin filament assembly. Thereby, Ena/VASP proteins regulate dynamic cellular processes ranging from membrane protrusions and trafficking, and cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesions, to the generation of mechanical tension and contractile force. Important insights have been gained into the physiological functions of Ena/VASP proteins in platelets, leukocytes, endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells and cardiomyocytes. In this review, we summarize the unique and redundant functions of Ena/VASP proteins in cardiovascular cells and discuss the underlying molecular mechanisms.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (SFB 834/A8 & SFB 834/A5)
German Center for Cardiovascular Research (DZHK B14-028 SE)
CommentsThe original article is available at https://www.mdpi.com/
Published CitationBenz PM, et al. Cardiovascular functions of Ena/VASP proteins: past, present and beyond. Cells. 2023;12(13):1740.
Publication Date28 June 2023
- Irish Centre for Vascular Biology
- School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences
PublisherMDPI (Basel, Switzerland)
- Published Version (Version of Record)