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Computational and experimental analysis of bioactive peptide linear motifs in the integrin adhesome

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posted on 04.06.2021, 16:31 by Kevin T O’Brien, Kalyan Golla, Tilen Kranjc, Darragh O’Donovan, Seamus Allen, Patricia Maguire, Jeremy C Simpson, David O’Connell, Niamh MoranNiamh Moran, Denis C Shields
Therapeutic modulation of protein interactions is challenging, but short linear motifs (SLiMs) represent potential targets. Focal adhesions play a central role in adhesion by linking cells to the extracellular matrix. Integrins are central to this process, and many other intracellular proteins are components of the integrin adhesome. We applied a peptide network targeting approach to explore the intracellular modulation of integrin function in platelets. Firstly, we computed a platelet-relevant integrin adhesome, inferred via homology of known platelet proteins to adhesome components. We then computationally selected peptides from the set of platelet integrin adhesome cytoplasmic and membrane adjacent protein-protein interfaces. Motifs of interest in the intracellular component of the platelet integrin adhesome were identified using a predictor of SLiMs based on analysis of protein primary amino acid sequences (SLiMPred), a predictor of strongly conserved motifs within disordered protein regions (SLiMPrints), and information from the literature regarding protein interactions in the complex. We then synthesized peptides incorporating these motifs combined with cell penetrating factors (tat peptide and palmitylation for cytoplasmic and membrane proteins respectively). We tested for the platelet activating effects of the peptides, as well as their abilities to inhibit activation. Bioactivity testing revealed a number of peptides that modulated platelet function, including those derived from α-actinin (ACTN1) and syndecan (SDC4), binding to vinculin and syntenin respectively. Both chimeric peptide experiments and peptide combination experiments failed to identify strong effects, perhaps characterizing the adhesome as relatively robust against within-adhesome synergistic perturbation. We investigated in more detail peptides targeting vinculin. Combined experimental and computational evidence suggested a model in which the positively charged tat-derived cell penetrating part of the peptide contributes to bioactivity via stabilizing charge interactions with a region of the ACTN1 negatively charged surface. We conclude that some interactions in the integrin adhesome appear to be capable of modulation by short peptides, and may aid in the identification and characterization of target sites within the complex that may be useful for therapeutic modulation.

Funding

Irish Research Council (www.research.ie) grant for the Bioinformatics and Systems Biology PhD Programme GREP 2007-2015

Science Foundation Ireland (www.sfi.ie) Principal Investigator (08/IN1/B1864)

History

Comments

The original article is available at https://journals.plos.org

Published Citation

O'Brien KT, Golla K, Kranjc T, O'Donovan D, Allen S, Maguire P, Simpson JC, O'Connell D, Moran N, Shields DC. Computational and experimental analysis of bioactive peptide linear motifs in the integrin adhesome. PLoS One. 2019;14(1):e0210337.

Publication Date

28 January 2019

PubMed ID

30689642

Department/Unit

  • School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences

Research Area

  • Gynaecology, Obstetrics and Perinatal Health
  • Vascular Biology
  • Cancer

Publisher

PLOS ONE

Version

  • Published Version (Version of Record)