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Correlation between body mass index, neck circumference, and waist-hip ratio as indicators of obesity among a cohort of adolescent in Bahrain: A preliminary cross-sectional study.

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posted on 25.01.2021, 17:13 by Sayed A Tantawy, Dalia M Kamel, Noor Alsayed, Ebrahim Rajab, Walid Kamal Abdelbasset
Neck circumference (NC) is an attractive method for determining overweight and obesity in school age children because it is inexpensive and culturally acceptable. However, this technique has not been assessed for its accuracy in school children from countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council, which have high prevalence of overweight and obesity.The aim of this preliminary study was to investigate the correlation between the body mass index (BMI), NC, and waist-hip ratio and demographic characteristics among 10- to 18-year-old adolescent school children in Bahrain.BMI was calculated using Center of Disease Control and Prevention Children's BMI Tool for Schools. Data was collected for a total of n = 397 adolescents from 4 different private schools with an average age of 12.91 years; 57.7% were male and 42.3% female.In this sample of adolescents, 50.1% were either overweight (21.4%) or obese (28.7%). BMI was significantly associated with waist-hip ratio (P < .01), gender (P < .05), and age (P < .01). Multiple linear regressions revealed that NC was significantly associated with age (P < .001) and less so with gender (P = .071) and BMI was significantly associated with NC (P < .01), gender (P < .01), and age (P < .05). Analysis of the receiver operating characteristic for males and females combined showed fair sensitivity and specificity (Area under the curve (AUC) = 0.707; 95% CI: 0.656, 0.758).NC is weakly correlated with BMI, and only a fair instrument for identifying overweight/obesity based on receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Therefore, NC could only be used as an adjunct screening tool for weight status in this sample.

Funding

RCSI, Bahrain

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The original article is available at https://journals.lww.com/

Published Citation

Tantawy SA, Kamel DM, Alsayed N, Rajab E, Abdelbasset WK. Correlation between body mass index, neck circumference, and waist-hip ratio as indicators of obesity among a cohort of adolescent in Bahrain: A preliminary cross-sectional study. Medicine (Baltimore). 2020;99(17):e19950.

Publication Date

1 April 2020

PubMed ID

32332676

Department/Unit

  • RCSI Bahrain

Publisher

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Version

  • Published Version (Version of Record)

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