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Diagnosis, treatment, and management of pericardial effusion - review

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posted on 2024-03-14, 17:13 authored by Naser Yamani, Ayesha Abbasi, Talal Almas, Farouk Mookadam, Samuel Unzek

The hemodynamic stability of the heart and pericardium are maintained by the pericardial fluid of volume ∼10-50 ml. Pericardial effusion is associated with the abnormal accumulation of pericardial fluid in the pericardial cavity. Numerous imaging techniques are utilized to evaluate pericardial effusion including chest X-ray, electrocardiogram, transthoracic echocardiography, computed tomography scan, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, and pericardiocentesis. Once diagnosed, there are numerous treatment options available for the management of patients with pericardial effusion. These include various invasive and non-invasive strategies such as pericardiocentesis, pericardial window, and sclerosing therapies. In recent times, few studies have been conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of each approach in routine clinical practice. In this review, we review the role of different modalities in the diagnosis of pericardial effusion while highlighting existing therapies aimed at the management and treatment of pericardial effusion. 

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The original article is available at https://journals.lww.com/

Published Citation

Yamani N, Abbasi A, Almas T, Mookadam F, Unzek S. Diagnosis, treatment, and management of pericardial effusion- review. Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2022;80:104142.

Publication Date

9 July 2022

PubMed ID

35846853

Department/Unit

  • Undergraduate Research

Publisher

Elsevier Ltd

Version

  • Published Version (Version of Record)

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