Discharge destination after hip fracture: findings from the Irish Hip Fracture Database
Purpose: Although home continues to be the place from which the majority of patients are admitted, less than one third of patients are Discharged Directly Home (DDH) following hip fracture. Once ready for discharge, DDH as opposed to Discharge to an Alternative Location (DAL) i.e. community care, rehabilitation facility or long term care, is a high priority for patients and clinicians alike. Not only is DDH integral to the quality of life of patients, it is also an essential driver of the socioeconomic cost of hip fracture care.
Methods: We analysed 21,819 cases in the Irish Hip Fracture Database from 2013 to 2019. Descriptive and analytical statistics were conducted.
Results: 29% (n=6,476) of patients were DDH during the study period. On multivariate analysis, the odds of DDH decreased as age increased (OR 0.28, p<0.01, 95% CI 0.24-0.34). Patients who were independently mobile prior to fracture were 47% more likely to be DDH (OR 1.47, p<0.01, 95% CI 1.29-1.68). Those mobilised early post operatively were 24% more likely to be DDH (OR 1.24, p<0.01, 95% CI 1.06-1.45). Patients who waited >72hrs prior to surgery were 30% less likely to be DDH (OR 0.70, p<0.01, 95% CI 0.56-0.88).
Conclusion:The authors identified patient characteristics that increased the likelihood of DDH i.e. younger patients independently mobile prior to fracture, who received timely surgery and early post-operative mobilisation. The Irish Hip Fracture Standards (IHFS) incorporate 2 out the 3 modifiable factors identified, which reinforces the importance of the IHFS in improving patient outcomes.
CommentsThe original article is available https://link.springer.com/
Published CitationFerris H, Brent L, Sorensen J, Ahern E, Coughlan T. Discharge destination after hip fracture: findings from the Irish hip fracture database. Eur Geriatr Med. 2022;13(2):415-424
Publication Date22 August 2021
- Health Outcomes Research Centre
- National Office of Clinical Audit (NOCA)
- Accepted Version (Postprint)