Bowe 2021 - e-cigarettes in adolescents - ijerph-18-00332.pdf (607.11 kB)

E-cigarette-only and dual use among adolescents in Ireland: Emerging behaviours with different risk profiles

Download (607.11 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 19.05.2021, 16:17 by Andrea K Bowe, Frank Doyle, Deborah Stanistreet, Emer O'Connell, Michéal Durcan, Emmet Major, Diarmuid O’Donovan, Paul Kavanagh
E-cigarette-only use and dual-use are emerging behaviours among adolescent nicotine product users which have not yet been sufficiently explored. This study examines the prevalence of, and the factors associated with, nicotine product use in adolescence. The study is a cross-sectional analysis of the 2018 Planet Youth survey completed by 15–16 year olds in the West of Ireland in 2018. The outcome of interest was current nicotine product use, defined as use at least once in the past 30 days. A main effects multinomial logistic regression model was used to examine the association between potential risk and protective factors and nicotine product use. Among 4422 adolescents 22.1% were current nicotine product users, consisting of 5.1% e-cigarette only users, 7.7% conventional cigarette only users, and 9.3% dual-users. For risk factors, the odds of association were weaker for e-cigarette only use compared to conventional cigarette and dual use. Participating in team sport four times/week or more significantly reduced the odds of conventional cigarette and dual use but had no association with e-cigarette only use (Cig: adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 0.63, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.44–0.90; Dual-use: AOR 0.63, 95% CI 0.43–0.93). Similarly, having higher value for conventional social norms reduced the odds of conventional cigarette and dual use but not e-cigarette only use. This is the first study to show, among a generalisable sample, that dual-use is the most prevalent behaviour among adolescent nicotine product users in Ireland. Risk factor profiles differ across categories of use and prevention initiatives must be cognisant of this.

Funding

Tusla Galway

Tusla Mayo

Health Service Executive Mayo

Health Service Executive Galway

Galway City County

Galway County Council

Mayo County Council

QCBI Innovation Fund: Enhancing Children’s and Young People’s Outcomes

History

Comments

The original article is available at https://www.mdpi.com

Published Citation

Bowe AK, Doyle F, Stanistreet D, O'Connell E, Durcan M, Major E, O'Donovan D, Kavanagh P. E-cigarette-only and dual use among adolescents in Ireland: Emerging behaviours with different risk profiles. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021;18(1):332.

Publication Date

5 January 2021

PubMed ID

33466304

Department/Unit

  • Health Psychology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology

Research Area

  • Health Professions Education
  • Population Health and Health Services

Publisher

MDPI AG

Version

  • Published Version (Version of Record)