Early targeted patent ductus arteriosus treatment in premature neonates using a risk based severity score: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial (PDA RCT) [version 1; peer review: awaiting peer review]
A patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants is associated with increased ventilator dependence and chronic lung disease, necrotizing enterocolitis, intraventricular haemorrhage, and poor neurodevelopmental outcome. Randomised controlled trials of early PDA treatment have not established a drop in the aforementioned morbidities. Those trials did not physiologically categorise PDA severity. Incorporating the specific physiological features of a haemodynamic significant PDA may evolve our understanding of this phenomenon, allowing accurate triaging using echocardiography and targeted treatment. Our group has recently demonstrated that a PDA severity score (PDAsc) derived at 36-48 hours of age can accurately predict the later occurrence of chronic lung disease or death (CLD/Death). Using echocardiography, we assessed PDA characteristics, as well as left ventricular diastolic function and markers of pulmonary overcirculation, and from this formulated a PDAsc. Gestation was also incorporated into the score. We hypothesise that in preterm infants at high risk of developing CLD/Death based on a PDAsc, early treatment with Ibuprofen compared with placebo will result in a reduction in CLD/Death. This is a single centre double-blind two arm randomised controlled trial conducted in the neonatal intensive care unit in the Rotunda Hospital, Dublin. Echocardiogram is carried out in the first 36-48 hours of life to identify preterm infants with a PDAsc ≥ 5.0 and these infants are randomised to Ibuprofen or placebo. Primary outcomes are assessed at 36 weeks post menstrual age. This pilot study's purpose is to assess the feasibility of performing the trial and to obtain preliminary data to calculate a sample size for a definitive multi-centre trial of early PDA treatment using a PDAsc. We aim to recruit a total of 60 infants with a high risk PDA over three years.
Trial Registration: ISRCTN ISRCTN13281214 (26/07/2016) and the European Union Drug Regulating Authorities Clinical Trials Database 2015-004526-33 (03/12/2015).
Health Research Board Ireland [NCHF-2017-005]
Temple Street Hospital Foundation [RPAC 16-03]
The National Children’s Research Centre
CommentsThe original article and an updated version may be available on https://hrbopenresearch.org/
Published CitationEL-Khuffash A. et al. Early targeted patent ductus arteriosus treatment in premature neonates using a risk based severity score: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial (PDA RCT) [version 1; peer review: awaiting peer review] HRB Open Research. 2020;3:87
Publication Date25 November 2020
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology
- School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences
PublisherF1000 Research Ltd