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Efficacy and safety of sacubitril/valsartan in the treatment of heart failure: protocol for a systematic review incorporating unpublished clinical study reports [version 1; peer review: 3 approved]

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journal contribution
posted on 22.11.2021, 16:36 by David ByrneDavid Byrne, Tom FaheyTom Fahey, Frank MoriartyFrank Moriarty
Background: Sacubitril/valsartan is a first-in-class angiotensin-receptor neprilysin inhibitor used to treat heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. The evidence base for this novel medication is largely based on one pivotal phase III trial which was stopped early due to significant clinical benefits being shown. However potential limitations in the trial design have been highlighted in recent medical literature, necessitating a thorough review of the evidence base for sacubitril/valsartan.
Methods: This review will be conducted using the PRISMA reporting guidelines. Relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) for sacubitril/valsartan will be systematically searched for in Medline (PubMed), Embase, Cochrane library, Google Scholar, Web of Science, Toxline and Scopus. Clinical trials registries will be searched, as will eight grey literature databases. In addition, unpublished clinical study reports (CSRs) of relevant trials will be requested from the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and the Clinical Study Data Request database. Studies will be included if they involve randomising adult patients with heart failure to either sacubitril/valsartan or usual care with either an active comparator or placebo as a control. All relevant clinical and safety outcomes will be reviewed, particularly hospitalisation due to heart failure and cardiovascular mortality. Two reviewers will assess eligibility of selected trials for inclusion. Data extraction will be performed separately for trial publications, clinical trial registries and for CSRs using a piloted form. Methodological quality of included trials from published sources will be assessed separately using the recently updated Cochrane Risk of Bias tool version 2. Narrative synthesis of included studies will be conducted and, if appropriate, meta-analysis for clinical efficacy and safety outcomes.
Discussion: This review will collate all available RCT data on sacubitril/valsartan including published and unpublished sources in order to obtain a more complete picture of the evidence base for sacubitril/valsartan.
Registration: This protocol has been submitted for registration on PROSPERO.

Funding

Health Research Board of Ireland (funding reference CDA-2018-005)

History

Comments

The original article and an updated version may be available on https://hrbopenresearch.org/

Published Citation

Byrne D, Fahey T and Moriarty F. Efficacy and safety of sacubitril/valsartan in the treatment of heart failure: protocol for a systematic review incorporating unpublished clinical study reports [version 1; peer review: 3 approved]. HRB Open Res 2020, 3:5

Publication Date

10 Feb 2020

Department/Unit

  • General Practice
  • HRB Centre for Primary Care Research

Research Area

  • Population Health and Health Services

Publisher

F1000 Research Ltd

Version

  • N/A