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Epidemiology and outcomes of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) multicenter tertiary experience.pdf (464.8 kB)

Epidemiology and outcomes of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1): multicenter tertiary experience

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posted on 2024-05-02, 07:50 authored by Mohammed Almuqbil, Fatimah Yaseen Alshaikh, Waleed Altwaijri, Duaa Baarmah, Raid Harb Hommady, Maryam Yaseen Alshaikh, Fares Alammari, Meshal Alhussain, Reem Almotawa, Faris Alqarni, Amna Kashgari, Rayan Alkhodair, Jumanah N Alkhater, Lujeen Nasser Alkhater, Sawsan A Alharthi, Mada Abdulkarim Alsadi, Ahmed AlRumayyan

Purpose: The aim of this manuscript was to assess the epidemiology and clinical features of Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) based on the newly published revised NF-1 diagnostic criteria and to evaluate complications of NF-1 including neurodevelopmental disorders.

Patients and methods: A retrospective cross-sectional observational study was conducted in the Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs (MNGHA) healthcare organization branches including four tertiary hospitals and 51 primary health care centers in different regions in Saudi Arabia. This study included all patients diagnosed with NF1 using the revised NIH diagnostic criteria published in 2021 that were registered at the electronic medical records (EMR) from 2015 to 2021.

Results: A total of 184 patients fulfilled the diagnostic criteria and were included in this study. The median age at diagnosis was 11 years (IQR: 4.00-20.25). The most encountered diagnostic criteria in this study were Café-au-lait macules (85.3%), and (42.9%) were found to have two or more neurofibromas with plexiform neurofibroma being the most common subtype (23.36%), approximately (36.4%) of the patient with optic pathway glioma. Nearby (26.6%) of the patients displayed different type of tumors. Iris Lisch nodules were presented in 36.4% of patients at a median age of 12 years (IQR: 9.0-21.8). Cardiovascular abnormality was encountered in 9.8% of the patients. Around 27.7% of the patients reported headache and 11.4% of the patient suffered from different type of epilepsy. Besides, 10.5% of the patients had intellectual disability, 33.8% suffered from communication disorders, and 4.9% patients had ADHD.

Conclusion: The results of this study will enable practitioners to adopt a more holistic approach and prioritize numerous attributes, which they can subsequently incorporate into their therapeutic methodologies. Furthermore, the identification of these attributes will facilitate an expeditious and accurate diagnosis. Hence, the implementation of intervention during its nascent phase may result in a more advantageous consequence.


Data Availability Statement

All data are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.


The original article is available at

Published Citation

Almuqbil M. et al. Epidemiology and outcomes of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1): multicenter tertiary experience. J Multidiscip Healthc. 2024;17:1303-1314.

Publication Date

22 March 2024

PubMed ID



  • Undergraduate Research


Dove Medical Press


  • Published Version (Version of Record)

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