Exploiting the anticancer effects of a nitrogen bisphosphonate nanomedicine for glioblastoma multiforme
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is an incurable aggressive brain cancer in which current treatment strategies have demonstrated limited survival benefit. In recent years, nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates (N-BPs) have demonstrated direct anticancer effects in a number of tumour types including GBM. In this study, a nano-formulation with the RALA peptide was used to complex the N-BP, alendronate (ALN) into nanoparticles (NPs) < 200 nm for optimal endocytic uptake. Fluorescently labelled AlexaFluor®647 Risedronate was used as a fluorescent analogue to visualise the intracellular delivery of N-BPs in both LN229 and T98G GBM cells. RALA NPs were effectively taken up by GBM where a dose-dependent response was evidenced with potentiation factors of 14.96 and 13.4 relative to ALN alone after 72 h in LN229 and T98G cells, respectively. Furthermore, RALA/ALN NPs at the IC50, significantly decreased colony formation, induced apoptosis and slowed spheroid growth in vitro. In addition, H-Ras membrane localisation was significantly reduced in the RALA/ALN groups compared to ALN or controls, indicative of prenylation inhibition. The RALA/ALN NPs were lyophilised to enhance stability without compromising the physiochemical properties necessary for functionality, highlighting the suitability of the NPs for scale-up and in vivo application. Collectively, these data show the significant potential of RALA/ALN NPs as novel therapeutics in the treatment of GBM.
Department for the Economy, Northern Ireland
CommentsThe original article is available at https://jnanobiotechnology.biomedcentral.com/
Published CitationJena LN. et al. Exploiting the anticancer effects of a nitrogen bisphosphonate nanomedicine for glioblastoma multiforme. J Nanobiotechnology. 2021;19(1):127.
Publication Date4 May 2021
- Amber (Advanced Material & Bioengineering Research) Centre
- Published Version (Version of Record)