Fat grafting versus implants: who's happier? A systematic review and meta-analysis
Background: Breast implants were first introduced in the 1960s and have long been used for augmentation and reconstructive breast surgery. More recently, fat grafting for breast augmentation has gained popularity due to the ‘natural’ outcome and lack of implant-related complications. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing patient-related outcome measures between fat grafting and implant-based primary augmentation using the validated BREAST-Q questionnaire.
Methods: A systematic review of the literature according to the PRISMA guidelines was conducted in PubMed®, Cochrane Library®, EMBASE®, MEDLINE®, and Scopus® databases. Papers were screened by two independent blinded reviewers. Quality was assessed using MINORS criteria.
Results: Fourteen studies were included in the meta-analysis representing a total of 81 fat grafting augmentations and 1535 implant augmentations. The average overall patient satisfaction mean post-operative scores were 13.0 points higher in the implant group based on meta-regression (95% CI: 2.4-23.5; P = .016). There was no statistical difference in reported post-operative sexual well-being, psychosocial well-being, or physical well-being BREAST-Q scores.
Conclusion: Although implant-based augmentation resulted in higher post-operative overall satisfaction scores, fat grafting remains a highly desirable alternative for augmentation in the right patient. This meta-analysis strongly highlights that careful patient selection and evaluation of patient goals must be assessed when selecting an augmentation method.
CommentsThe original article is available at https://journals.sagepub.com/
Published CitationAlGhanim K, et al. Fat grafting versus implants: who's happier? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Plastic Surgery. 2023;0(0).
Publication Date5 August 2023
- Published Version (Version of Record)