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Global surgery education and training programmes—a scoping review and taxonomy

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-03-04, 16:30 authored by Eric O'FlynnEric O'Flynn, Arbab Danial, Jakub GajewskiJakub Gajewski
Global surgery is an emerging field of study and practice, aiming to respond to the worldwide unmet need for surgical care. As a relatively new concept, it is not clear that there is a common understanding of what constitutes “global surgery education and training”. This study examines the forms that global surgery education and training programmes and interventions take in practice, and proposes a classification scheme for such activities. A scoping review of published journal articles and internet websites was performed according to the PRISMA Extension for Scoping Review guidelines. PubMed MEDLINE, EMBASE and Google were searched for sources that described global surgery education and training programme. Only sources that explicitly referenced a named education programme, were surgical in nature, were international in nature, were self-described as “global surgery” and presented new information were included. Three hundred twenty-seven records were identified and 67 were ultimately included in the review. “Global surgery education and training” interventions described in the literature most commonly involved both a High-Income Country (HIC) institution and a Low- and Middle-Income Country (LMIC) institution. The literature suggests that significant current effort is directed towards academic global surgery programmes in HIC institutions and HIC surgical trainee placements in LMICs. Four categories and ten subcategories of global surgery education and training were identified. This paper provides a framework from which to study global surgery education and training. A clearer understanding of the forms that such interventions take may allow for more strategic decision making by actors in this field.



The original article is available at https://link.springer.com/

Published Citation

O'Flynn E, Danial A, Gajewski J. Global surgery education and training programmes-a scoping review and taxonomy. Indian J Surg. 2021:1-14.

Publication Date

25 August 2021

PubMed ID



  • Institute of Global Surgery
  • Surgical Affairs
  • Undergraduate Research

Research Area

  • Surgical Science and Practice
  • Population Health and Health Services


Springer Nature


  • Published Version (Version of Record)