Glu298Asp variant of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene and acute coronary syndrome or premature coronary artery disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Introduction: Several published studies have reported an association between the Glu298Asp polymorphism (rs1799983), residing in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) gene, and lower levels of circulating nitric oxide, as well as an increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, association status of this genetic variant with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or premature CAD (PCAD) is still unclear. Against this background, we conducted a systematic review and study level meta-analysis to assess the association of the NOS3 Glu298Asp polymorphism with ACS or PCAD.
Materials and methods: A comprehensive online search to identify relevant studies was performed on several databases including PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Scopus, Cochrane library and Web of Science. The identified studies were stratified into two ancestral subgroups: 'European ancestry' and 'All other ancestries combined'. Study level odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) were pooled using random/fixed effects employing a Z test.
Results: Out of a total of 195 distinct records identified through online search, 37 articles with 39 different studies, with a total sample size of 27,441 (11,516 cases/15,925 controls) were included for quantitative synthesis. Pooled results suggested significant associations of the NOS3 Glu298Asp polymorphism with ACS or PCAD through dominant as well as allelic genetic models (p ≤ 0.002), primarily driven by the 'All other ancestries combined' subgroup. The 'All other ancestries combined' subgroup demonstrated an additional risk of 36% for ACS or PCAD, through both dominant and allelic genetic models (OR = 1.36, 95%CI = 1.13, 1.63, p = 0.001 and OR = 1.36, 95%CI = 1.14, 1.61, p = 0.0005 respectively). On the other hand, the 'European ancestry' subgroup did not show any significant associations. Sensitivity analysis and a sub-analysis for the myocardial infarction endpoint further supported these observed associations.
Conclusions: This meta-analysis indicates towards an association between the NOS3 Glu298Asp polymorphism and ACS or PCAD, predominantly driven by 'All other ancestries combined' subgroup. In contrast, the 'European ancestry' subgroup did not demonstrate any significant association. Further large-scale investigations are required to confirm our derived results.
CommentsThe original article is available at https://www.sciencedirect.com/
Published CitationRai H. et al. Glu298Asp variant of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene and acute coronary syndrome or premature coronary artery disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nitric Oxide. 2023;138-139:85-95
Publication Date13 July 2023
- Anatomy and Regenerative Medicine
- School of Medicine
- School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences
- Vascular Biology
- Population Health and Health Services
- Published Version (Version of Record)