Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
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Heat shock-related protein responses and inflammatory protein changes are associated with mild prolonged hypoglycemia

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-10-20, 13:42 authored by Abu Saleh MoinAbu Saleh Moin, Manjula Nandakumar, Hassan Kahal, Thozhukat Sathyapalan, Stephen AtkinStephen Atkin, Alexandra ButlerAlexandra Butler

Mild hypoglycemia is common in clinical practice. Severe hypoglycemia results in heat shock protein and associate co-chaperone changes. Whether mild prolonged hypoglycemia elicits a similar response with inflammatory and oxidative-stress responses compared with a severe hypoglycemic event is unclear; therefore, this pilot exploratory study was undertaken. We performed a case-control induced hypoglycemia clamp study, maintaining blood glucose at 2.8 mmol/L (50 mg/dL) for 1 h in 17 subjects (T2D (n = 10); controls (n = 7)). Blood sampling was performed at baseline, hypoglycemia, and 24 h; slow off-rate modified aptamer (SOMA)-scan plasma protein analysis of HSP-related proteins, inflammatory stress markers, and oxidative stress markers was performed. In total, 16 HSPs were analyzed. At baseline, TLR4:MD-2 complex was elevated (p = 0.01), whilst HSPA8 was lower (p < 0.05) in T2D. At hypoglycemia, UBE2N, STIP1, and UBE2L3 increased (all p < 0.05), whilst TLR4:MD-2 and HSPA8 decreased (p < 0.05) in T2D versus baseline. In follow-up after hypoglycemia, HSPs normalized to baseline by 24 h, except UBE2L3 (p < 0.05), which was decreased in controls versus baseline. Correlation of altered inflammatory markers with HSPs revealed the following: at baseline, TLR4:MD-2 correlated with CXCL10 (p < 0.01) and SIGLEC1 (p < 0.05) in controls; HSPA8 negatively correlated with IL5 (p < 0.05) in T2D. A negative correlation between urinary isoprostane 8-iso PGF2α, a marker of oxidative stress, and HSPA1A was seen at 24 h in T2D only (p < 0.05). In conclusion, the HSP changes seen for mild prolonged hypoglycemia were similar to those previously reported for a severe event. However, mild prolonged hypoglycemia appeared to elicit an increased inflammatory response that was associated with heat shock and related proteins.

Trial registration: NCT02205996.



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Published Citation

Moin ASM, Nandakumar M, Kahal H, Sathyapalan T, Atkin SL, Butler AE. Heat shock-related protein responses and inflammatory protein changes are associated with mild prolonged hypoglycemia. Cells. 2021;10(11):3109

Publication Date

10 November 2021

PubMed ID



  • RCSI Bahrain




  • Published Version (Version of Record)