Inconsistent trauma reporting is associated with emotional and behavioural problems and psychotic experiences in young people
Background: Little is known about the prevalence of inconsistent trauma reporting in community samples and about its associations with psychopathology. This study aimed to assess for the first time the prevalence of inconsistent trauma reporting in a community sample of children/adolescents and to explore associations with both psychotic experiences and with psychopathology more generally.
Method: A community-based sample of 86 children/adolescents (baseline mean age 11.5) were interviewed at two time points with data collected in relation to potentially traumatic events through the K-SADS. Emotional and behavioural problems were assessed at follow-up (mean age 15.7) through the Youth Self Report questionnaire while the presence of psychotic experiences was based on expert consensus post interview. Logistic regression models were used to test associations between inconsistent reporting and psychotic experiences at baseline and follow-up, with associations with emotional and behavioral problems at follow-up also assessed.
Results: Overall, 16.3% of adolescents failed to report previously reported potentially traumatic events at follow-up and were therefore defined as inconsistent trauma reporters. Inconsistent reporting was associated with emotional and behavioural problems as assessed by the Youth Self Report with the exception of rule breaking behaviour and with psychotic experiences as assessed on interview.
Conclusions: Inconsistent trauma reporting is associated with psychotic experiences and emotional and behavioural problems in young people and may represent an important marker for psychopathology in youth.
Health Research Award (HRA-PHR = 2015–1322) from the Health Research Board (Ireland)
European Research Council’s (ERC) Consolidator Grant (CoG) (iHEAR 724809)
CommentsThe original article is available at https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/
Published CitationBurns A, Coughlan H, Cannon M. Inconsistent trauma reporting is associated with emotional and behavioural problems and psychotic experiences in young people. BMC Psychiatry. 2020;20(1):38.
Publication Date31 January 2020
- Beaumont Hospital
- Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
- Published Version (Version of Record)