Investigation of the role of sleep and physical activity for chronic disease prevalence and incidence in older Irish adults
Background: Chronic diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide. Many of these diseases have modifiable risk factors, including physical activity and sleep, and may be preventable. This study investigated independent associations of physical activity and sleep with eight common chronic illnesses.
Methods: Data were from waves 1, 3 and 5 of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (n = 5,680). Inverse probability weighted general estimating equations were used to examine longitudinal lifetime prevalence and cumulative incidence of self-reported conditions.
Results: Sleep problems were significantly associated with increased odds of incident and prevalent arthritis and angina. Additionally sleep problems were associated with higher odds of lifetime prevalence of hypertension and diabetes. Physical activity was negatively associated incident osteoporosis and respiratory diseases and negatively associated with lifetime prevalence of hypertension, high cholesterol and diabetes.
Conclusions: Worse sleep quality and lower physical activity were associated with higher odds of chronic diseases. Interventions to improve sleep and physical activity may improve health outcomes.
Health Research Board grant number ILP-HSR-2017–021
Science Foundation Ireland under grant number 18/FRL/6188
Irish Life PLC
CommentsThe original article is available at https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/
Published CitationHernández B. et al. Investigation of the role of sleep and physical activity for chronic disease prevalence and incidence in older Irish adults. BMC Public Health. 2022;22(1):1711.
Publication Date9 September 2022
- General Practice
- HRB Centre for Primary Care Research
- Published Version (Version of Record)