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Involvement of α1B-adrenoceptors and Rho kinase in contractions of rat aorta and mouse spleen.pdf (395.96 kB)

Involvement of α1B-adrenoceptors and Rho kinase in contractions of rat aorta and mouse spleen

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posted on 2023-08-16, 09:16 authored by Hadeel A. Alsufyani, James DochertyJames Docherty

α1-adrenoceptors link via the G-protein Gq/G11 to both Ca2+ entry and release from stores, but may also activate Rho kinase, which causes calcium sensitization. This study aimed to identify the subtype(s) of α1-adrenoceptor involved in Rho kinase-mediated responses in both rat aorta and mouse spleen, tissues in which contractions involve multiple subtypes of α1-adrenoceptor. Tissues were contracted with cumulative concentrations of noradrenaline (NA) in 0.5 log unit increments, before and in the presence of an antagonist or vehicle. Contractions produced by NA in rat aorta are entirely α1-adrenoceptor mediated as they are competitively blocked by prazosin. The α1A-adrenoceptor antagonist RS100329 had low potency in rat aorta. The α1D-adrenoceptor antagonist BMY7378 antagonized contractions in rat aorta in a biphasic manner: low concentrations blocking α1D-adrenoceptors and high concentrations blocking α1B-adrenoceptors. The Rho kinase inhibitor fasudil (10 µM) significantly reduced aortic contractions in terms of maximum response, suggesting inhibition of α1B-adrenoceptor mediated responses. In the mouse spleen, a tissue in which all 3 subtypes of α1-adrenoceptor are involved in contractions to NA, fasudil (3 µM) significantly reduced both early and late components to the NA contraction, the early component involving α1B- and α1D-adrenoceptors, and the late component involving α1B- and α1A-adrenoceptors. This suggests that fasudil inhibits α1B-adrenoceptor mediated responses. It is concluded that α1D- and α1B-adrenoceptors interact in rat aorta and α1D-, α1A- and α1B-adrenoceptors interact in the mouse spleen to produce contractions and these interactions suggest that one of the receptors preferentially activates Rho kinase, most likely the α1B-adrenoceptor. 

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The original article is available at https://www.kjpp.net

Published Citation

Alsufyani HA, Docherty JR. Involvement of α1B-adrenoceptors and Rho kinase in contractions of rat aorta and mouse spleen. Korean J Physiol Pharmacol. 2023;27(4):325-331.

Publication Date

1 July 2023

PubMed ID

37386830

Department/Unit

  • Physiology and Medical Physics

Publisher

The Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology.

Version

  • Published Version (Version of Record)

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