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Knowledge towards human papilloma virus (HPV) infection and attitude towards its vaccine in the Kingdom of Bahrain: cross-sectional study.

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posted on 02.02.2021, 09:34 by Yusra Husain, Amal Alalwan, Zakeya Al-Musawi, Ghadeer Abdulla, Khulood Hasan, Ghufran Jassim

Objectives: To determine the level of awareness of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection and to assess attitudes towards receiving the vaccine among men and women in Bahrain.

Design: A cross-sectional study. An interview-based questionnaire was used to measure HPV knowledge and attitude towards HPV vaccine.

Setting: Ten randomly selected primary health centres (PHCs) in the Kingdom of Bahrain.

Participants: 408 PHC attendees, including 268 women and 140 men aged 18-65 years. Only residents from Bahrain and English or Arabic speakers were invited to participate.

Primary and secondary outcome measures: Extent of awareness of HPV infection, acceptance of HPV vaccine and describing the results in association to gender, educational level and other demographics.

Results: A response rate of 91.4% was achieved, with a majority being female responders as opposed to male responders (65.7% vs 34.3%, respectively). Only 13.5% of the participants had heard of HPV, with female gender and employment in the health sector (p<0.001 for both) having a significant association with awareness of HPV. The majority of the participants (76%) were willing to take the vaccine if recommended, with 84.8% believing that both genders should be vaccinated. However, 48.5% were concerned about possible side effects from the vaccine and 83.6% wanted reassurance that the vaccine will protect against HPV. More than 90% of the participants agreed on the need for educating the community about the HPV infection.

Conclusion: Despite the limited knowledge about HPV infection among the study's participants, there is a favourable attitude towards the HPV vaccine. These data can support the initiation of a nationwide HPV immunisation programme.

History

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The original article is available at https://bmjopen.bmj.com/

Published Citation

Husain Y, Alalwan A, Al-Musawi Z, Abdulla G, Hasan K, Jassim G. Knowledge towards human papilloma virus (HPV) infection and attitude towards its vaccine in the Kingdom of Bahrain: cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2019;9(9):e031017.

Publication Date

27 September 2019

PubMed ID

31562156

Department/Unit

  • RCSI Bahrain

Publisher

BMJ Publishing Group Ltd

Version

  • Published Version (Version of Record)

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