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Meta-analysis evaluating the impact of chili-pepper intake on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality_A systematic review.pdf (1.96 MB)

Meta-analysis evaluating the impact of chili-pepper intake on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality: a systematic review

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posted on 2023-10-11, 13:36 authored by Naser Yamani, Adeena Musheer, Priyanka Gosain, Saba Sarfraz, Humera Qamar, Muhammad Maaz Waseem, Muhammad Sameer Arshad, Talal Almas, Vincent Figueredo

Background: Dietetics today occupy a significant place in the field of research, helping to discover cardiovascular benefits of healthy diets and consumption of organic foods such as fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts, and whole grains. One of the components of vegetable-based diet is chili pepper (CP) which has been found to affect all-cause mortality.

Methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, EBSCO, and Cochrane (Wiley) Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched from inception till January 9, 2020, identifying all relevant studies using keywords and truncations. Studies were included if (1) they were observational or randomized in nature (2) included patients consuming CP and (3) evaluated direct comparison between regular and rarely/never CP consumption.

Results: Our preliminary search yielded 6976 articles. Post exclusion and after full-text screening, four potential observational studies with a population of 570,762. Pooled analysis found reduced all-cause mortality in CP consumers compared to nonconsumers with a risk ratio (RR) of 0.75 [95% CI: 0.64-0.88; p = 0.0004; I 2 = 97%]. The RR for CVD, cancer related and CVA deaths were 0.74 [95% CI: 0.62-0.88; p = 0.0006, I 2 = 66%], 0.77 [95% CI: 0.71-0.84; p = 0.0001; I 2 = 49%] and 0.76 [95% CI: 0.36-1.60; p = 0.47; I2 = 93%], respectively.

Conclusion: Statistically significant results of our analysis put forward a rationale indicating an association between lower risk of all-cause, cardiovascular and cancer related deaths and CP consumption.

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The original article is available at https://www.sciencedirect.com/

Published Citation

Yamani N, et al. Meta-analysis evaluating the impact of chili-pepper intake on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality: a systematic review. Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2021;70:102774.

Publication Date

8 September 2021

PubMed ID

34603712

Department/Unit

  • Undergraduate Research

Publisher

Elsevier B.V.,

Version

  • Published Version (Version of Record)