Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
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Metabolic consequences of obesity on the hypercoagulable state of polycystic ovary syndrome

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Version 1 2022-01-04, 17:05
journal contribution
posted on 2022-01-04, 17:05 authored by Abu Saleh Md Moin, Thozhukat Sathyapalan, Ilhame Diboun, Mohamed A Elrayess, Alexandra E Butler, Stephen L Atkin
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) women have a hypercoagulable state; however, whether this is intrinsically due to PCOS or, alternatively, a consequence of its metabolic complications is unclear. We determined plasma coagulation pathway protein levels in PCOS (n = 146) and control (n = 97) women recruited to a PCOS biobank. Circulating levels of a panel of 18 clotting pathway proteins were determined by Slow Off-rate Modified Aptamer-scan plasma protein measurement. Cohorts were age matched, though PCOS had elevated body mass index (p < 0.001), insulin (p < 0.001) and C-reactive protein (CRP) (p < 0.0001). Eight pro-coagulation proteins were elevated in PCOS: plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (p < 0.0001), fibrinogen (p < 0.01), fibrinogen gamma chain (p < 0.0001), fibronectin (p < 0.01), von Willebrand factor (p < 0.05), D-dimer (p < 0.0001), P-selectin (p < 0.05), and plasma kallikrein (p < 0.001). However, two anticoagulant proteins, vitamin K-dependent protein-S (p < 0.0001) and heparin cofactor-II (p < 0.001) were elevated and prothrombin was decreased (p < 0.05). CRP, as a marker of inflammation, and insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) correlated with 11 and 6 of the clotting proteins, respectively (p < 0.05). When matched for BMI < 25 (16 PCOS, 53 controls) HOMA-IR remained elevated (p < 0.05) and heparin cofactor-II was increased (p < 0.05). In a multivariate analysis accounting for inflammation, insulin resistance and BMI, there was no correlation of PCOS with any of the coagulation proteins. The hypercoagulable state in PCOS is not intrinsic to the disease as it can be fully accounted for by BMI, inflammation and insulin resistance.



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Published Citation

Moin ASM. et al. Metabolic consequences of obesity on the hypercoagulable state of polycystic ovary syndrome. Sci Rep. 2021;11(1):5320

Publication Date

5 March 2021

PubMed ID



  • RCSI Bahrain


Springer Nature


  • Published Version (Version of Record)