Musculoskeletal education in undergraduate medical curricula - a systematic review
Rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases encompass a vast spectrum of up to 200 conditions that are increasingly prevalent, with significant associated disability and socioeconomic burden. Their impact is pervasive, with musculoskeletal conditions being the second leading cause of years lived with disability worldwide, in addition to the 9th most common cause of disability-adjusted life years. It is therefore imperative that all graduating medical physicians are competent in their management, and that the quality of undergraduate musculoskeletal education is commensurate with patient and societal needs. A systematic literature review was conducted between April 1, 2021 and June 1, 2021 assessing the quality of undergraduate musculoskeletal education in medical schools. Educational interventions in musculoskeletal medicine were also included. Quality assessment appraisal of the studies was done using a Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool. One thousand and thirty-three titles were screened, and 44 studies were included in the final analysis. Our analysis of these studies showed that the quality of undergraduate musculoskeletal education, as determined by the cognitive mastery and clinical confidence of undergraduate medical students remains inadequate. Multiple educational interventions were assessed with mixed results. Despite the prevalence, and burden associated with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases, the musculoskeletal education of undergraduate medical students remains inadequate. Urgent international collaboration is required to devise teaching strategies and curriculum initiatives that are globally and reproducibly applicable and effective. Further research into educational interventions and teaching strategies is also required.
CommentsThe original article is available at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/
Published CitationHarkins P, Burke E, Conway R. Musculoskeletal education in undergraduate medical curricula - a systematic review. Int J Rheum Dis. 2023;26(2):210-224.
Publication Date11 December 2022
- Published Version (Version of Record)