Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Patient and public involvement in stroke research- a scoping review protocol [version 2; peer review- 2 approved].pdf (943.84 kB)

Patient and public involvement in stroke research: a scoping review protocol [version 2; peer review: 2 approved]

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-09-08, 14:32 authored by Patricia Hall, Thilo Kroll, Julianne Hickey, Diarmuid Stokes, Olive Lennon

Background: Growing consensus supports public and patient involvement (PPI) in research as the lived experience of patients, family carers and users of health and social care services bring unique insights to healthcare research. The impact and burden of stroke present ongoing challenges for those living with its consequences and could potentially limit PPI activity. This review aims to explore PPI in published stroke research to identify and describe the extent, nature and design of PPI activities, the type/s of studies involved and the profile of PPI participants engaged in stroke research.
Methods: This systematic scoping review, guided by the Arksey & O’Malley five step framework, will be reported according to the PRISMA-ScR reporting guidelines. PPI is embedded at each stage of this proposed scoping review from conceptualisation, participation, contribution and collaboration. The Population, Concept, Context (PCC) structure defines the research question which asks - How is PPI in stroke research currently being conducted and how do the study authors report their PPI activities and its impact? A comprehensive range of electronic databases including PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsychINFO and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews will generate a broad range of studies. Grey literature (e.g. OpenGrey, Lenus) and internationally recognised stroke organisation websites will be searched for additional research reports. Data extraction will adhere to the Joanna Briggs Institute guidelines, with results collated and mapped to the research cycle stage/s.
Conclusions: The outlined scoping review protocol will comprehensively identify and map the existing scientific literature that reports PPI in stroke research. Findings will be presented in relation to PPI conceptualisation, participant profiles and activities in stroke research, volume, type and range of approaches. Knowledge gaps may be identified thereby offering opportunities and recommendations for future priorities for PPI in stroke research.


HRB Collaborative Doctoral Award iPASTAR (improving Pathways for Acute Stroke and Rehabilitation) [CDA-2019-004]



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Published Citation

Hall P, Kroll T, Hickey J, Stokes D, Lennon O. Patient and public involvement in stroke research: a scoping review protocol [version 2; peer review: 2 approved]. HRB Open Res. 2022;4:118.

Publication Date

28 July 2022

PubMed ID



  • School of Population Health


F1000 Research Ltd


  • N/A