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Predictive factors for pre-intervention rebleeding in aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage: a systematic review and meta-analysis

journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-13, 17:31 authored by Ronan J Doherty, Jack Henry, David Brennan, Mohsen JavadpourMohsen Javadpour

Rebleeding before intervention is a devastating complication of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (aSAH). It often occurs early and is associated with poor outcomes. We present a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify potential predictors of rebleeding in aSAH. A database search identified studies detailing the occurrence of pre-intervention rebleeding in aSAH, and 809 studies were screened. The association between rebleeding and a variety of demographic, clinical, and radiological factors was examined using random effects meta-analyses. Fifty-six studies totalling 33,268 patients were included. Rebleeding occurred in 3,223/33,268 patients (11.1%, 95%CI 9.4-13), with risk decreasing by approximately 0.2% per year since 1981. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) during admission was higher in patients who rebled compared with those who did not (MD 7.4 mmHg, 95%CI 2.2 - 12.7), with increased risk in cohorts with SBP > 160 mmHg (RR 2.12, 95%CI 1.35-3.34), but not SBP > 140 mmHg. WFNS Grades IV-V (RR 2.05, 95%CI 1.13-3.74) and Hunt-Hess grades III-V (RR 2.12, 95%CI 1.38-3.28) were strongly associated with rebleeding. Fisher grades IV (RR 2.24, 95%CI 1.45-3.49) and III-IV (RR 2.05, 95%CI 1.17-3.6) were also associated with an increased risk. Awareness of potential risk factors for rebleeding is important when assessing patients with aSAH to ensure timely management in high-risk cases. Increased SBP during admission, especially > 160 mmHg, poorer clinical grades, and higher radiological grades are associated with an increased risk. These results may also aid in designing future studies assessing interventions aimed at reducing the risk of rebleeding. 



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Published Citation

Doherty RJ, Henry J, Brennan D, Javadpour M. Predictive factors for pre-intervention rebleeding in aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Neurosurg Rev. 2022;46(1):24.

Publication Date

23 December 2022

PubMed ID



  • Beaumont Hospital
  • Surgery


Springer Berlin Heidelberg


  • Accepted Version (Postprint)