Prevalence and predictors of medication non-adherence among patients with multimorbidity: a systematic review protocol [version 2; peer review: 2 approved]
Introduction: Patients with multimorbidity are expected to adhere to complex medication regimens in order to manage their multiple chronic conditions. It has been reported the likelihood of adherence decreases as patients are prescribed more medications. Much medication adherence research to date is dominated by a single-disease focus, which is at odds with the rising prevalence of multimorbidity and may artificially underestimate the complexity of managing chronic illness. This review aims to describe the prevalence of medication non-adherence among patients with multimorbidity, and to identify potential predictors of non-adherence in this population.
Methods: A systematic review will be conducted and reported according to PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL and PsycINFO will be searched using a predefined search strategy from 2009-2019. Quantitative studies will be considered eligible for review if prevalence of medication non-adherence among adults with two or more chronic conditions is reported. Studies will be included in the review if available in English full text. Titles and abstracts will be screened by single review, with 20% of screening cross-checked by a second reviewer. Full-text articles will be screened by two independent reviewers, noting reasons for exclusions. Data extraction will be performed using a predefined extraction form. Quality and risk of bias assessment will be conducted using criteria for observational studies outlined by Sanderson et al. (2007). A narrative synthesis and, if feasible, meta-analysis will be conducted.
Discussion: By exploring medication non-adherence from a multimorbidity perspective, the review aims to inform an evidence base for intervention development which accounts for the rising prevalence of patients with multiple chronic conditions.
Study registration: The systematic review is prospectively registered in PROSPERO ( CRD42019133849); registered on 12 June 2019.
Health Research Board Collaborative Doctoral Award, Health Research Board Ireland [CDA-2018-003]
CommentsThe original article and an updated version may be available on https://hrbopenresearch.org/
Published CitationFoley L, Larkin J, Lombard-Vance R, Murphy AW, Molloy GJ. Prevalence and predictors of medication non-adherence among patients with multimorbidity: a systematic review protocol [version 2; peer review: 2 approved] HRB Open Res. 2021;2:29.
Publication Date17 March 2021
- General Practice
- HRB Centre for Primary Care Research
PublisherF1000 Research Ltd