Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
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Primary care-based models of care for osteoarthritis: a scoping review protocol [version 2; peer review: 2 approved]

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-05-03, 11:34 authored by Joice CunninghamJoice Cunningham, Frank DoyleFrank Doyle, Jennifer RyanJennifer Ryan, Barbara ClyneBarbara Clyne, Cathal Cadogan, Elizabeth Cottrell, Susan SmithSusan Smith, Helen FrenchHelen French

Background: The burden of osteoarthritis (OA) to individuals and health systems is substantial and is expected to increase due to population ageing and rising prevalence of obesity and multimorbidity. Primary care-based models of care (MoCs) are being increasingly developed in response to this growing burden. However, these MoCs have yet to be formally reviewed. A MoC can be defined as an ‘evidence-informed strategy, framework or pathway that outlines the optimal manner in which condition-specific care should be delivered to consumers within a local health system’.

Objective: To identify and describe the available research regarding the extent, nature and characteristics of MoCs for OA that have been developed or evaluated in primary care.

Methods: A scoping review will be conducted in accordance with the Arksey and O’Malley scoping review framework and the PRISMA-ScR guidelines. Systematic literature searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychINFO, Web of Science and LILACs will be conducted from 2010 to present, aligning with publication dates of recent clinical guidelines. A structured iterative search of grey literature will be conducted. Full-text original quantitative or mixed method studies which describe the development or evaluation of MoCs for OA in primary care will be considered. Data will be charted and synthesised and a narrative synthesis will be conducted.

Conclusions: This scoping review will provide a broad overview regarding the extent, nature and characteristics of the available literature on primary care based MoCs for OA. Findings will be used to identify gaps in the current evidence to identify areas for future research.


Development of a Model of Care for Osteoarthritis in Primary Care - a Mixed Methods Study | Funder: Health Research Board / HRB | Grant ID: ILP-HSR-2019-012

Health Research Board (HRB) Emerging Investigator Award (EIA-2019-09)



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Published Citation

Cunningham J. et al. Primary care-based models of care for osteoarthritis: a scoping review protocol [version 2; peer review: 2 approved]. HRB Open Res 2021, 4:48

Publication Date

15 October 2021

PubMed ID



  • School of Physiotherapy
  • Health Psychology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • HRB Centre for Primary Care Research
  • General Practice


F1000 Research Ltd


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