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Protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor delta acts as a neuroblastoma tumor suppressor by destabilizing the aurora kinase a oncogene.

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posted on 28.02.2022, 16:23 authored by Maria Meehan, Laavanya Parthasarathi, Niamh MoranNiamh Moran, Caroline A. Jefferies, Niamh Foley, Elisa Lazzari, Derek Murphy, Jacqueline Ryan, Berenice Ortiz, Armida WM Fabius, Timothy A. Chan, Raymond StallingsRaymond Stallings

BACKGROUND: Protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor delta (PTPRD) is a member of a large family of protein tyrosine phosphatases which negatively regulate tyrosine phosphorylation. Neuroblastoma is a major childhood cancer arising from precursor cells of the sympathetic nervous system which is known to acquire deletions and alterations in the expression patterns of PTPRD, indicating a potential tumor suppressor function for this gene. The molecular mechanism, however, by which PTPRD renders a tumor suppressor effect in neuroblastoma is unknown.

RESULTS: As a molecular mechanism, we demonstrate that PTPRD interacts with aurora kinase A (AURKA), an oncogenic protein that is over-expressed in multiple forms of cancer, including neuroblastoma. Ectopic up-regulation of PTPRD in neuroblastoma dephosphorylates tyrosine residues in AURKA resulting in a destabilization of this protein culminating in interfering with one of AURKA's primary functions in neuroblastoma, the stabilization of MYCN protein, the gene of which is amplified in approximately 25 to 30% of high risk neuroblastoma.

CONCLUSIONS: PTPRD has a tumor suppressor function in neuroblastoma through AURKA dephosphorylation and destabilization and a downstream destabilization of MYCN protein, representing a novel mechanism for the function of PTPRD in neuroblastoma.

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This article is available from http://www.molecular-cancer.com/

Published Citation

Meehan M, Parthasarathi L, Moran N, Jefferies CA, Foley N, Lazzari E, Murphy D, Ryan J, Ortiz B, M Fabius AW, Chan TA, Stallings RL. Protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor delta acts as a neuroblastoma tumor suppressor by destabilizing the aurora kinase a oncogene. Mol Cancer. 2012; 11:6.

Publication Date

2012-02-05

PubMed ID

22305495

Department/Unit

  • Centre for Human Proteomics
  • School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences