Jerobin-2021-Regulation of circulating CTRP-2_.pdf (990.15 kB)
Download file

Regulation of circulating CTRP-2/CTRP-9 and GDF-8/GDF-15 by intralipids and insulin in healthy control and polycystic ovary syndrome women following chronic exercise training

Download (990.15 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 07.01.2022, 15:51 by Jayakumar Jerobin, Manjunath Ramanjaneya, Ilham Bettahi, Raihanath Parammal, Kodappully Sivaraman Siveen, Meis Alkasem, Myint Aye, Thozhukat Sathyapalan, Monica Skarulis, Stephen L Atkin, Abdul Badi Abou-Samra

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with obesity, diabetes, and insulin resistance. The circulating C1Q/TNF-related proteins (CTRP-2, CTRP-9) and growth differentiation factors (GDF-8, GDF-15) contribute to glucose and lipid homeostasis. The effects of intralipids and insulin infusion on CTRP-2, CTRP-9, GDF-8 and GDF-15 in PCOS and control subjects before and after chronic exercise training were examined.

Methods: Ten PCOS and nine healthy subjects were studied at baseline status and after moderate-intensity chronic exercise training (1 h exercise, 3 times per week, 8 weeks). All participants were infused with 1.5 mL/min of saline or intralipids (20%) for 5 h, and during the last 2 h of saline or intralipids infusion hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp (HIEC) was performed. CTRP-2, CTRP-9, GDF-8 and GDF-15 levels were measured at 0, 3 and 5 h.

Results: Intralipids dramatically increased CTRP-2 levels in PCOS (P = 0.02) and control (P = 0.004) subjects, which was not affected by insulin infusion or by exercise. Intralipids alone had no effects on CTRP-9, GDF-8, or GDF-15. Insulin increased the levels of GDF-15 in control subjects (P = 0.05) during the saline study and in PCOS subjects (P = 0.04) during the intralipid infusion. Insulin suppressed CTRP9 levels during the intralipid study in both PCOS (P = 0.04) and control (P = 0.01) subjects. Exercise significantly reduced fasting GDF-8 levels in PCOS (P = 0.03) and control (P = 0.04) subjects; however, intralipids infusion after chronic exercise training increased GDF-8 levels in both PCOS (P = 0.003) and control (P = 0.05) subjects and insulin infusion during intralipid infusion reduced the rise of GDF-8 levels.

Conclusion: This study showed that exogenous lipids modulate CTRP-2, which might have a physiological role in lipid metabolism. Since chronic exercise training reduced fasting GDF-8 levels; GDF-8 might have a role in humoral adaptation to exercise. GDF-15 and CTRP-9 levels are responsive to insulin, and thus they may play a role in insulin responses.

Funding

Qatar Metabolic Institute & Medical Research Center, Hamad Medical Corporation (Grant number: MRC#17180/17)

History

Comments

The original article is available at https://lipidworld.biomedcentral.com/

Published Citation

Jerobin J. et al. Regulation of circulating CTRP-2/CTRP-9 and GDF-8/GDF-15 by intralipids and insulin in healthy control and polycystic ovary syndrome women following chronic exercise training. Lipids Health Dis. 2021;20(1):34.

Publication Date

19 April 2021

PubMed ID

33874963

Department/Unit

  • RCSI Bahrain

Publisher

BioMed Central

Version

  • Published Version (Version of Record)