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Reported prevalence of von Willebrand disease worldwide in relation to income classification
Introduction: The diagnosis of von Willebrand disease (VWD) is complex and challenging, especially when diagnostic resources are limited. This results in a lack of consistency in identifying and reporting the number of people with VWD and variations in the VWD prevalence worldwide.
Aim: To analyze the reported prevalence of VWD worldwide in relation to income classification.
Methods: Data on the VWD prevalence from the World Federation of Hemophilia Annual Global Survey, national registries of Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom, and the literature were analysed. The income level of each country was classified according to the World Bank.
Results: The mean VWD prevalence worldwide was 25.6 per million people. The VWD prevalence for high-income countries (HIC) of 60.3 per million people was significantly greater (p < .01) than upper middle (12.6), lower middle (2.5) and low (1.1) income countries. The type 3 VWD prevalence for HIC of 3.3 per million people was significantly greater (p < .01) than lower middle (1.3) and low income (0.7) countries. The reported VWD prevalence was greater among females than males.
Conclusion: The reported VWD prevalence varied considerably across and within income classifications. The variability of type 3 VWD prevalence was less than the VWD prevalence (all types). The variability in detection and diagnosis of type 1 VWD presents a challenge in forming a consistent prevalence value across countries and income classifications.
CommentsThis is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Stonebraker JS. et al. Reported prevalence of von Willebrand disease worldwide in relation to income classification. Haemophilia. 2023;29(4):975-986, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/hae.14810. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.
Published CitationStonebraker JS. et al. Reported prevalence of von Willebrand disease worldwide in relation to income classification. Haemophilia. 2023;29(4):975-986.
Publication Date5 June 2023
- Irish Centre for Vascular Biology
- School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences
- Accepted Version (Postprint)