The impact of stroke, cognitive function and post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) on healthcare utilisation in Ireland: a cross-sectional nationally representative study
Background: Cognitive impairment after stroke is associated with poorer health outcomes and increased need for long-term care. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of stroke, cognitive function and post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) on healthcare utilisation in older adults in Ireland.
Methods: This cross-sectional study involved secondary data analysis of 8,175 community-dwelling adults (50 + years), from wave 1 of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA). Participants who had been diagnosed with stroke by a doctor were identified through self-report in wave 1. Cognitive function was measured using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). The main outcome of the study was healthcare utilisation, including General Practitioner (GP) visits, emergency department visits, outpatient clinic visits, number of nights admitted to hospital, and use of rehabilitation services. The data were analysed using multivariate adjusted negative binomial regression and logistic regression. Incidence-rate ratios (IRR), odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) are presented.
Results: The adjusted regression analyses were based on 5,859 participants who completed a cognitive assessment. After adjusting for demographic and clinical covariates, stroke was independently associated with an increase in GP visits [IRR (95% CI): 1.27 (1.07, 1.50)], and outpatient service utilisation [IRR: 1.49 (1.05, 2.12)]. Although participants with poor cognitive function also visited the GP more frequently than participants with normal cognitive function [IRR: 1.07 (1.04, 1.09)], utilisation of outpatient services was lower in this population [IRR: 0.92 (0.88, 0.97)]. PSCI was also associated with a significant decrease in outpatient service utilisation [IRR: 0.75 (0.57, 0.99)].
Conclusions: Stroke was associated with higher utilisation of GP and outpatient services. While poor cognitive function was also associated with more frequent GP visits, outpatient service utilisation was lower in participants with poor cognitive function, indicating that cognitive impairment may be a barrier to outpatient care. In Ireland, the lack of appropriate neurological or cognitive rehabilitation services appears to result in significant unaddressed need among individuals with cognitive impairment, regardless of stroke status.
The Atlantic Philanthropies
Irish Life PLC
Health Research Board SPHeRE/2013/1
Associated research data filesThe public TILDA dataset supporting the conclusions of this article is available from the Irish Social Science Data Archive (ISSDA) at University College Dublin (66): http://www.ucd.ie/issda/data/tilda/ and the Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) at the University of Michigan: http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/NACDA/studies/34315.
CommentsThe original article is available at https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/
Published CitationJeffares I, Rohde D, Doyle F, Horgan F, Hickey A. The impact of stroke, cognitive function and post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) on healthcare utilisation in Ireland: a cross-sectional nationally representative study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2022;22(1):414.
Publication Date29 March 2022
- Health Psychology
- School of Physiotherapy
- Population Health and Health Services
- Published Version (Version of Record)