Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
The-Psychological-Effect-of-COVID-19-on-Pregnant-Women.pdf (247.47 kB)

The psychological effect of COVID-19 on pregnant women

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-12-06, 17:10 authored by F Atheer, R Cavaliere, A Khajah, M Salman, M McNee, Richard Duffy


We aimed to conduct a narrative review on the direct and indirect psychological implications of COVID-19, amongst the pregnant population. 


Two medical databases (PUBMED and EMBASE) were analysed and papers describing the psychological impact of COVID-19 on pregnant women were included. 


We identified a total of 35 papers in our study, 14% (5/35) focused on first time mothers, 71% (25 /35) on depression among pregnant persons, 83% (29/35) examined anxiety, 40% (14 /35) described the impact of stress and 43% (15/35) included a discussion on fear. The most common stressors were fear of contracting COVID-19 and uncertainty surrounding the situation Protective factors include having accurate information regarding COVID-19, a higher level of education and a secure income 


COVID-19 has had significant psychological effects amongst the pregnant population including increased levels of anxiety, depression, fear and stress. Many individuals experience suicidal ideation. Social isolation and increasing rates of emotional and physical abuse may be significant factors. Consideration needs to be given to enhance social support and self-care routines. Exercise has shown to alleviate some stress, anxiety and other subjective symptoms. Professional assistance and knowledge have also shown to decrease the severity of these effects.



The original article is available at

Published Citation

Atheer F. et al. The psychological effect of COVID-19 on pregnant women. Ir Med J. 2021;114(8):438

Publication Date

September 2021


  • RCSI Bahrain
  • Undergraduate Research


Irish Medical Association


  • Published Version (Version of Record)