Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Thematic Daily Sleep Routine Analysis of Adults Not in Employment Living with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.pdf (205.09 kB)

Thematic daily sleep routine analysis of adults not in employment living with type 2 diabetes mellitus

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-05-02, 08:19 authored by Rachael M Kelly, John McDermottJohn McDermott, Andrew N Coogan

Background: Day-to-day variations in sleep timing have been associated with poorer glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus, although the factors that influence this sleep timing variability are poorly understood.

Methods: Daily routines of sleep in a sample of seventeen adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus who were either retired or not currently working were examined qualitatively through the application of semi-structured interviews and a thematic analysis of the resulting transcripts.

Results: Four themes were identified: "Consistent Sleeping Patterns", "Fluctuating Sleep Timing", "Night-Time Disruptions" and "Lasting Effort Needed with Type Two Diabetes Mellitus". The subthemes reflected that many participants had consistent sleep schedules across the seven-day week, but that a desire to maintain a sense of normality, household routines, television schedules and socializing were associated with different sleep timing on weekends. Active disease monitoring and timed medication taking were not identified as important factors in shaping sleep timing. Nocturia, stress and rumination were identified as important factors linked to disrupted sleep. Sleep was not reported as an issue discussed during routine clinical care.

Conclusion: Sleep timing in participants appears to be driven by interacting psychosocial and physiological factors, although active disease management does not emerge as a major influence on sleep schedules.



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Published Citation

Kelly RM, McDermott JH, Coogan AN. Thematic daily sleep routine analysis of adults not in employment living with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Clocks Sleep. 2023;6(1):11-23

Publication Date

29 December 2023

PubMed ID



  • Medicine




  • Published Version (Version of Record)