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Tissue engineering: understanding the role of biomaterials and biophysical forces on cell functionality through computational and structural biotechnology analytical methods

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journal contribution
posted on 08.06.2021, 16:34 by Nour Almouemen, Helena Kelly, Cian O'Leary
Within the past 25 years, tissue engineering (TE) has grown enormously as a science and as an industry. Although classically concerned with the recapitulation of tissue and organ formation in our body for regenerative medicine, the evolution of TE research is intertwined with progress in other fields through the examination of cell function and behaviour in isolated biomimetic microenvironments. As such, TE applications now extend beyond the field of tissue regeneration research, operating as a platform for modifiable, physiologically-representative in vitro models with the potential to improve the translation of novel therapeutics into the clinic through a more informed understanding of the relevant molecular biology, structural biology, anatomy, and physiology. By virtue of their biomimicry, TE constructs incorporate features of extracellular macrostructure, molecular adhesive moieties, and biomechanical properties, converging with computational and structural biotechnology advances. Accordingly, this mini-review serves to contextualise TE for the computational and structural biotechnology reader and provides an outlook on how the disciplines overlap with respect to relevant advanced analytical applications.

Funding

Government of the State of Kuwait.

History

Comments

The original article is available at https://www.sciencedirect.com

Published Citation

Almouemen N, Kelly HM, O'Leary C. Tissue engineering: understanding the role of biomaterials and biophysical forces on cell functionality through computational and structural biotechnology analytical methods. Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal. 2019;17:591-598.

Publication Date

17 April 2019

PubMed ID

31080565

Department/Unit

  • Amber (Advanced Material & Bioengineering Research) Centre
  • Anatomy and Regenerative Medicine
  • RCSI Tissue Engineering Group (TERG)
  • School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences

Research Area

  • Respiratory Medicine
  • Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • Cancer
  • Biomaterials and Regenerative Medicine

Publisher

Elsevier BV

Version

  • Published Version (Version of Record)