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Treatment is on target in Crohn’s disease with biologic agents.pdf (219.95 kB)

Treatment is on target in Crohn’s disease with biologic agents

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-08-11, 11:24 authored by Maria Mikail

Crohn’s disease is a disorder of unknown aetiology, which classically presents with transmural inflammation throughout the gastrointestinal tract, from the mouth to the perianal area. Patients with Crohn’s disease suffer from various non-specific symptoms such as prolonged diarrhoea, abdominal pain, fever and weight loss. To date, treatment has largely involved immunosuppression, but the recent development of a novel class of drugs, the biologics, may revolutionise the treatment of Crohn’s disease. Biologic treatments used in Crohn’s disease include tumour necrosis factor alpha inhibitors (anti-TNFα), adhesion molecule inhibitors, and interleukin-12 (IL-12) and interleukin-23 (IL-23) inhibitors. These biologics target the underlying immunopathogenesis seen in Crohn’s disease, primarily by decreasing pro-inflammatory cytokines. This article reviews the literature to date on infliximab, an anti-TNFα used in moderate to severe Crohn’s disease, and ustekinumab, an IL-12 and IL-23 inhibitor, with a specific focus on mechanisms of action, adverse events, and guidelines for these treatments. 

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The original article is available at http://www.rcsismj.com/ Part of the RCSIsmj collection: https://doi.org/10.25419/rcsi.c.6786051.v1

Published Citation

Mikail M. Treatment is on target in Crohn’s disease with biologic agents. RCSIsmj. 2018;11(1):52-58

Publication Date

2018

Department/Unit

  • Undergraduate Research

Publisher

RCSI University of Medicine and Health Sciences

Version

  • Published Version (Version of Record)

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