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Underlying conditions and risk of hospitalisation, ICU admission and mortality among those with COVID-19 in Ireland: a national surveillance study

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posted on 29.09.2021, 07:57 authored by Kathleen BennettKathleen Bennett, Maeve MulloolyMaeve Mullooly, Mark O’Loughlin, Margaret Fitzgerald, Joan O'Donnell, Lois O'ConnorLois O'Connor, Ajay Oza, John Cuddihy
Background: To date, over 2 million people worldwide have died with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. To describe the experience in Ireland, this study examined associations between underlying conditions and the following outcomes: mortality, admission to hospital or admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) among those infected with COVID-19.
Methods: This study used data from the Health Protection Surveillance Centre in Ireland and included confirmed cases of COVID-19 from the first wave of the pandemic between March and July 2020. Two cohorts were included: all cases (community and hospital) and hospital admissions only. For all cases, health outcome data included mortality and hospitalisation. For hospitalised cases, outcome data included mortality and ICU admission. Logistic regression was used to examine associations between underlying conditions and outcomes across both cohorts. Results are presented as adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).
Findings: There were 19,789 cases included in analysis, which encompassed 1,476 (7.5%) deaths, 2,811 (14.2%) hospitalisations, and 438 (2.2%) ICU admissions of whom 90 (20.5%) died. Significantly higher risk of mortality, hospitalisation and ICU admission was associated with having chronic heart disease, a BMI ≥40kg/m2 and male sex. Additionally, diagnosis of a chronic neurological condition (OR 1.41; 95%CI:1.17, 1.69), chronic kidney disease (OR 1.74; 95%CI:1.35, 2.24) and cancer (OR 2.77; 95%CI:2.21, 3.47) were significantly associated with higher risk of mortality among all cases, with similar patterns of association observed for mortality among hospitalised cases.
Interpretation: The identification of underlying conditions among COVID-19 cases may help identify those at highest risk of the worst health outcomes and inform preventive strategies to improve outcomes.
Funding: This study was supported by the Health Service Executive, Health Protection Surveillance Centre. KEB and MM are funded by the Health Research Board (RL-15-1579 and EIA-2019-012 respectively).

Funding

Health Service Executive, Health Protection Surveillance Centre

Health Research Board (RL-15-1579 and EIA-2019-012)

History

Comments

The original article is available at https://www.sciencedirect.com/

Published Citation

Bennett KE, et al. Underlying conditions and risk of hospitalisation, ICU admission and mortality among those with COVID-19 in Ireland: a national surveillance study. Lancet Reg Health Eur. 2021;5:100097.

Publication Date

15 April 2021

PubMed ID

33880459

Department/Unit

  • Data Science Centre
  • Health Psychology

Research Area

  • Population Health and Health Services

Publisher

Elsevier BV

Version

  • Published Version (Version of Record)