Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Which Biomass Stove(s) Capable of Reducing Household Air Pollution Are Available to the Poorest Communities Globally.pdf (539.38 kB)

Which biomass stove(s) capable of reducing household air pollution are available to the poorest communities globally?

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Version 2 2022-07-18, 14:36
Version 1 2021-12-14, 14:36
journal contribution
posted on 2021-12-14, 14:36 authored by Deborah StanistreetDeborah Stanistreet, Eunice PhillipEunice Phillip, Nitya Kumar, Rachel Anderson de Cuevas, Megan Davis, Jessica Langevin, Vincent Jumbe, Aisling WalshAisling Walsh, Sarah Jewitt, Mike Clifford
Globally, household and ambient air pollution (HAAP) leads to approximately seven million premature deaths per year. One of the main sources of household air pollution (HAP) is the traditional stove. So-called improved cookstoves (ICS) do not reduce emissions to levels that benefit health, but the poorest communities are unlikely to have access to cleaner cooking in the medium term. Therefore, ICS are being promoted as an intermediate step. This paper summarises the current evidence on the ICS available to the global poorest, utilising data from the Clean Cookstoves Catalog and systematic review evidence from the field. The cheapest stoves offer little reduction in HAP. Only one ICS, available at US$5 or less, (the canarumwe) minimally reduced pollutants based on ISO testing standards and no studies included in the systematic reviews reported tested this stove in the field. We recommend field testing all ICS as standard, and clear information on stove characteristics, sustainability, safety, emissions efficiency, in-field performance, affordability, availability in different settings, and the ability of the stove to meet community cooking needs. In addition, ICS should be promoted alongside a suite of measures, including improved ventilation and facilities to dry wood, to further reduce the pollutant levels.


Applying a community led total sanitation approach to the problem of Household Air Pollution in Africa; a smokeless village pilot project | Funder: Irish Research Council



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Published Citation

Stanistreet D. et al. Which biomass stove(s) capable of reducing household air pollution are available to the poorest communities globally? Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(17):9226.

Publication Date

1 September 2021

PubMed ID



  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • RCSI Bahrain

Research Area

  • Health Professions Education
  • Population Health and Health Services




  • Published Version (Version of Record)