‘What effect do safety culture interventions have on health care workers in hospital settings?’ A systematic review of the international literature [version 2; peer review: 2 approved, 1 approved with reservations]
Introduction: Interventions designed to improve safety culture in hospitals foster organisational environments that prevent patient safety events and support organisational and staff learning when events do occur. A safety culture supports the required health workforce behaviours and norms that enable safe patient care, and the well-being of patients and staff. The impact of safety culture interventions on staff perceptions of safety culture and patient outcomes has been established. To-date, however, there is no common understanding of what staff outcomes are associated with interventions to improve safety culture and what staff outcomes should be measured.
Objectives: The study seeks to examine the effect of safety culture interventions on staff in hospital settings, globally.
Methods and Analysis: A mixed methods systematic review will be conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Searches will be conducted using the electronic databases of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Health Business Elite, and Scopus. Returns will be screened in Covidence according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. The mixed-methods appraisal tool (MMAT) will be used as a quality assessment tool. The Cochrane Collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias in randomised trials and non-randomised studies of interventions will be employed to verify bias. Synthesis will follow the Joanna Briggs Institute methodological guidance for mixed methods reviews, which recommends a convergent approach to synthesis and integration.
Discussion: This systematic review will contribute to the international evidence on how interventions to improve safety culture may support staff outcomes and how such interventions may be appropriately designed and implemented.
Health Research Board [APA – 2019 - 024]
CommentsThe original article and an updated version may be available on https://hrbopenresearch.org/
Published CitationFinn M, Mellon L, Walsh A, O'Brien N, Williams DJ, Rafter N, McCarthy SE. ‘What effect do safety culture interventions have on health care workers in hospital settings?’ A systematic review of the international literature [version 2; peer review: 2 approved, 1 approved with reservations]. HRB Open Res. 2022;5:48.
Publication Date18 November 2022
- Graduate School of Healthcare Management
- Public Health and Epidemiology
- Beaumont Hospital
- School of Population Health
PublisherF1000 Research Ltd