Feasibility cluster randomised controlled trial evaluating a theory-driven group-based complex intervention versus usual physiotherapy to support self-management of osteoarthritis and low back pain (SOLAS)
Background: The Self-management of Osteoarthritis (OA) and Low back pain (LBP) through Activity and Skills (SOLAS) theory-driven group-based complex intervention was developed primarily for the evaluation of its acceptability to patients and physiotherapists and the feasibility of trial procedures, to inform the potential for a definitive trial.
Methods: This assessor-blinded multicentre two-arm parallel cluster randomised controlled feasibility trial compared the SOLAS intervention to usual individual physiotherapy (UP; pragmatic control group). Patients with OA of the hip, knee, lumbar spine and/or chronic LBP were recruited in primary care physiotherapy clinics (i.e. clusters) in Dublin, Ireland between September 2014 and November 2015. The primary feasibility objectives were evaluated using quantitative methods and individual telephone interviews with purposive samples of participants and physiotherapists. A range of secondary outcomes were collected at baseline, 6 weeks (behaviour change only), 2 months and 6 months to explore the preliminary effects of the intervention. Analysis was by intention-to-treat according to participants’ cluster allocation and involved descriptive analysis of the quantitative data and inductive thematic analysis of the qualitative interviews. A linear mixed model was used to contrast change over time in participant secondary outcomes between treatment arms, while adjusting for study waves and clusters.
Results: 14 clusters were recruited (7 per trial arm), each cluster participated in two waves of recruitment, with the average cluster size below the target of six participants (Intervention: mean (SD) =4.92 (1.31), range 2-7; UP: mean (SD) =5.08 (2.43), range 1-9). 120 participants (83.3% of n=144 expected) were recruited (Intervention n=59; UP n=61), with follow up data obtained from 80.8% (n=97) at 6 weeks, 84.2% (n=101) at 2 months and 71.7% (n=86) at 6 months. Most participants received treatment as allocated (Intervention n=49; UP n=54). The qualitative interviews (12 participants; 10 PTs) found the Intervention and trial procedures acceptable and appropriate, with minimal feasible adaptations required. Linear mixed methods showed improvements in most secondary outcomes at 2 and 6 months with small between group effects.
Conclusions: While the SOLAS intervention and trial procedures were acceptable to participants and PTs, the recruitment of enough participants is the biggest obstacle to a definitive trial.
Trial Registration: ISRCTN Registry, ISRCTN49875385, Registered 26 March 2014. https://doi.org/10.1186/ISRCTN49875385
Health Research Board in Ireland through the Health Research Awards 2012 Scheme (Grant no. HRA_HSR/2012/24).
CommentsThe original article is available at https://www.researchsquare.com/ https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.2.12498/v6. Published version is available in Trials. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-020-04671-x and RCSI repository https://hdl.handle.net/10779/rcsi.13280663
Published CitationHurley DA. et al. Feasibility cluster randomised controlled trial evaluating a theory-driven group-based complex intervention versus usual physiotherapy to support self-management of osteoarthritis and low back pain (SOLAS). Research Square 2020.
Publication Date1 August 2020
- School of Physiotherapy
- Health Psychology
- Population Health and Health Services
PublisherResearch Square Platform LLC
- Submitted Version (Preprint)