Parent co-Designed Drug Information for parents and Guardians Taking Neonates home (PADDINGToN) a mixed method approach to defining and evaluating information resources
Background A study of premature babies, less than 32 weeks gestation, found that the median number of medicines per patient at discharge was 2.5 (range 2 to 7), with 28% of babies discharged on more than 3 medicines (1). Medication administration to infants can cause anxiety and concern for parents/carers who worry about making mistakes. A systematic review of carers for all ages has estimated the administration error rate at home to be between 2 and 33% (2) while a rate of 66.3% was recorded in medication administered to premature infants where parents were responsible for administration (3). It has also been reported that up to 90% of carers will administer a medicine incorrectly at some point (2).
The aim of this study is to work with healthcare professionals (HCPs) and parents/carers to co-design resources aimed at improving medication safety and reducing parental anxiety for those giving medications to neonates at home.
Methods Work Package 1: Project management and co-ordination phase: preparation of protocols and survey material and ethics approval applications.
Work Package 2: Stakeholder engagement phase, e-surveys and focus groups: An electronic-survey (e-survey) will be developed by a multi-disciplinary study management group (SMG).
This will be circulated to HCPs involved in the care of neonates and parents/carers whose babies had recently been discharged from hospital. A small number of parents/carers will be invited to take part in focus groups.
Work Package 3: Co-design of resources and quantitative evaluation: Parents/carers willing to co-design educational and information resources to support safe administration of medicines to neonates following discharge will be recruited. A quantitative evaluation of the effect of the resource will be conducted with a new group of caregivers to measure specific outcome(s).
Discussion This study aims to co-develop, with healthcare professionals (HCPs) and parents/carers, resources aimed at improving medication safety and reducing parental anxiety for those giving medications to neonates at home. Co-development of resources with HCPs and parents, ensures that the project outcomes are relevant and useful, leading to a reduction in parental anxiety.
Trial registration ISRCTN registry Ref 17332620
Neonatal and Paediatric Pharmacists Group UK. https://nppg.org.uk/
CommentsThe original article is available at https://www.medrxiv.org/
Published CitationGill A. et al. Parent co-Designed Drug Information for parents and Guardians Taking Neonates home (PADDINGToN) a mixed method approach to defining and evaluating information resources. medRxiv 2022
Publication Date10 July 2022
- School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences
- School of Medicine
PublisherCold Spring Harbor Laboratory
- Submitted Version (Preprint)