Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Introducing Physician Assistants into the Irish Healthcare System.pdf (599.78 kB)

Introducing Physician Assistants into the Irish Healthcare System. An Integrated Clinical Workforce Reconfiguration Strategy

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posted on 2019-11-22, 18:14 authored by Emeka Okereke

The Irish health system is facing a unique and unprecedented workforce challenge with acute shortage of Non-Consultant Hospital Doctors (NCHDs) threatening to undermine the overall health service delivery system. Ireland‟s requirement to comply with the European Working Time Directive (EWTD) aimed at regulating the working hours of NCHDs, lack of sufficient funding due to economic recession, changes in immigration rules, absence of structured training programmes for most junior doctors and demographic changes are some of the prevailing circumstances that has given rise to NCHD shortage in the rapidly evolving Irish health system. Using the Health Service Executive (HSE) Change Model, this project presents a strategy for increasing the capacity and quality of the mid-level clinical workforce by introducing Physician Assistants into the system. Physician Assistants (PAs) are clinicians who are academically qualified to provide medical and surgical services to patients in a range of settings under supervision of doctors. While recognising the uniqueness of the Irish culture and the need for additional policy changes to create a sustainable health system, with the required skill mix and flexibility, this paper presents part of a potential solution to this workforce challenge. The implementation phase of this project is still on-going at the time of this publication. However, the English, Scottish, Canadian, Australian and American health systems have been used as bench marks for preliminary assessment of this project. The result is a clear indication that this system-wide change will rapidly evolve to create a more flexible, integrated and sustainable workforce for the future of the Irish health system.


First Supervisor

Dr. Pauline Joyce


A dissertation submitted in part fulfillment of the degree of MSc in Healthcare Management Institute of Leadership, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin 2011.

Published Citation

Okereke O. Introducing Physician Assistants into the Irish Healthcare System. An integrated Clinical Workforce Reconfiguration Strategy. [MSc Thesis]. Dublin: Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland; 2011.

Degree Name

  • MSc Healthcare Management

Date of award


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